Review Article

Psychosocial/ Spiritual Interventions for Mental Health in Patients with Cancer: A Review

Marzieh Azizi , Forouzan Elyasi, Arghavan Fariborzifar

Marzieh Azizi
Counseling in Midwifery master student, Student Research Committee, school of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.. Email: marziehazizi70@gmail.com

Forouzan Elyasi
Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center and addiction Institute, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Arghavan Fariborzifar
Resident of psychiatry, Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Online First: September 29, 2017 | Cite this Article
Azizi, M., Elyasi, F., Fariborzifar, A. 2017. Psychosocial/ Spiritual Interventions for Mental Health in Patients with Cancer: A Review. The Cancer Press 3(3): 120-129. DOI:10.15562/tcp.55


Cancer is one of the most important health problems in the world. Patients with cancer are faced with various psychological problems which need to serious attention. Beside pharmacological interventions such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, psychosocial/ spiritual interventions for these patients should be considered by healthcare providers. The aim of this study was to determine psychosocial/ spiritual interventions for mental health in patients with cancer. In this review study, electronic databases including public electronic database like Google Scholar, Persian databases including Magiran, Scientific Information Databases (SID) and English specifically databases such as PubMed, Web of Sciences, ProQuest, Science Direct and Scopus were searched. Those articles published between 1983 and 2017 were retrieved and undergone abstract and full-text appraisal. Lastly 61 articles were selected and used to write this study’s results. The psychosocial/ spiritual interventions for mental health in cancer were classified as follow: psychological interventions (such as supportive therapy, counseling with meaning therapy approach, cognitive behavioral therapy, coping styles improvement, progressive muscular relaxation, music therapy, yoga and meditation), social interventions (family and social support) and spirituality interventions (religion therapy, hope therapy),. Reviewing studies results showed that these interventions were the most effective strategies in promotion of mental health. Given the important role of mental health in quality of life of patients with cancer, attention to mental status of these patients as an important part of their treatment process is required.

 

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